Introduction of Thailand
The name "Thailand" comes from the word thai, which means "free" to the people who live there. The Kingdom of Thailand, formerly Siam, is in Southeast Asia and is about the size of Utah and Nevada combined. The countries of Burma, Laos, Cambodia, and Malaysia form its border, along with the Gulf of Thailand and the Andaman Sea.Thailand is governed by a parliament, though the king still maintains a strong influence on cultural and economic life.
Thailand is a land rich with resources. Also, a good culture and traditions since former times deserves to be proud of Thai people and the fertile cause a tourist attraction. Impressed by the call in each region. Experience nature And life in the Thai territories. Already know that. "Flight to Thailand not to know".
Visitors will visit Thailand about 300,000 people per year revenue to local people and tourists in Thailand is most impressed with the habits of Thai people with kindness philosophy plentifully off. As well as attractions, delicious food and beautiful excellent craft.
The purpose of this web site. Want to offer information about Thailand. Oriented tourism. To be most possible to tourists or travelers can find information to use operators in deciding Attractions Or prepare for travel, So this web site it is parallel guide for the visitors or guides for travelers. Who preferred to travel to Thailand.
If you want to travel to Thailand to be happy. Should verify or find information about accommodation, travel, weather locations each.
Majesty : H.R.H. King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX of the Chakri Dynasty)
Prime Minister : Apisit Vejjajiva.
Government : Thailand has had a constitutional monarchy since 1932. Parliament is composed of 2 houses, The House of Representatives and the Senate. Both representatives and senators are elected by the people. A prime minister elected from among the representatives leads the government. The country is divided into 76 provinces. The Bangkok Metropolitan Administration comes under an elected governor. Appointed provincial governors administer the other 75 provinces (Changwat), which are divided into districts (Amphoe), sub-districts (Tambon) and villages (Mu Ban).
Full name of Country :Thailand (Prathet Thai, meaning "Land of the Free")
Capital : Bangkok (Krung Thep, meaning "City of Angels")
National Flag : The red, white, and blue stripes symbolize the nation, Buddhism, and the monarchy, respectively.
Location : Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Gulf of Thailand, southeast of Burma.
Administration : 76 provinces, each subdivided into Amphoe (district), Tambon (sub-district) and Mooban (village)
Neighboring Countries :
- Myanmar - west and north
- Lao P.D.R. - north and northeast
- Cambodia - southeast and
- Malaysia - south.
Climate : tropical; rainy, warm, cloudy southwest monsoon (mid-May to September); dry, cool northeast monsoon (November to mid-March); southern isthmus always hot and humid.
Population : 64,865,523 peoples
Ethnic Make-up : Thai 75%, Chinese 14%, other 11%
Religions : Buddhism 95%, Muslim 3.8%, Christianity 0.5%, Hinduism 0.1%, other 0.6% (1991)
Area : 513,115 sq.km.(Tr. 198,115 miles).
Topography : Thailand is divided into 4 natural regions:
- The mountainous North, with its profusion of multi-coloured orchids, fascinating native handicrafts and winter temperatures are sufficiently cool to permit cultivation of temperate fruits such as strawberries and peaches.
- The high Northeast Plateau, which still jealously guards its many archaeological and anthropological mysteries.
- The Central Plain, one of the world's most fertile rice and fruit-growing areas with colourful traditional culture and way of life as well as the sandy beaches of the East Coast and vibrant cosmopolitan Bangkok.
- The peninsular South where the unspoiled beaches and idyllic islands complement economically vital tin mining, rubber cultivation and fishing.
Languages : Spoken and written Thai is largely incomprehensible to the casual visitor. However, English is widely understood, particularly in Bangkok where it is almost the major commercial language. English and some European Languages are spoken in most hotels, shops and restaurants in major tourist destinations, and Thai-English road and street signs are found nationwide.
Average life expectancy : 69.4 years (men), 73.9 years (women)
1 baht currency units = 1 U.S. $. = 33.19 baht.(Rate at 01 December 2009).
Poverty (poverty line) : 9.8% 3.
Adult literacy : 92.6% 1.
Time zone : The time in Thailand is seven hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (+7 hours GMT).
GDP per capita (PPP) : 9084
Tap water : Tap water is clean but drinking from it directly should be avoided. Bottled water is recommended.
Electricity : The electric current is 220 volt AC (50 cycles) throughout the country. Many different types of plugs and sockets are in use. Travellers with electric shavers, hair dryers, tape recorders and other appliances should carry a plug adapter kit. The better hotels will make available 110-volt transformers.
Business hours : Most commercial concerns in Bangkok operate on five-days a week, usually from 8 am to 5 pm. Many stores open seven days a week from 10 am to 10 pm. Government offices are generally open between 8.30 am and 4.30 pm with a noon to 1 pm lunch break, Monday to Friday except on public holidays. Banks are open Mondays to Fridays from 8.30 am to 3.30 pm except on public holidays but the banks in shopping mall open everyday Monday to Sunday from 10.00 am. to 9.00 pm. even on public holidays is also open.
Postal Services : Thailand's mail service is reliable and efficient. Major hotels provide basic postal services on their premises. Provincial post offices are usually open from 8.00 a.m. to 4.30 p.m.
International Roaming Mobile Phone : A Subscriber Identity Module Card (SIM Card) is now available for Thai and foreign customers who are travelling around for work. The SIM Card must be used in conjunction with a Digital GSM mobile phone within the 900-MHz range or a Digital PCN mobile phone within the 1800-MHz range.
Fax and E-Mail : All of Thailand's leading hotels offer facsimile (fax) and e-mail services. Numerous private businesses offer such facilities, most often in conjunction with translation services.
Internet Services : Internet TLD : .th, Thailand has been expanding its information service for residents and tourists alike through the Internet system. Services are now available at Thailand's leading hotels and at the many " Cyber-Cafes " that are cropping up in all major tourist destinations.
Telephone Services : At present, all telephone numbers (for local calls and long distance calls within the country) have nine digits.
- For Bangkok calls, 02 is added to the existing numbers i.e. +66 (0) 2694 1222.
- For provincial calls, an area code is added to the existing numbers. For example, area code for Chiang Mai is 053 = 0 5324 8604; area code for Phuket is 076 = 0 7621 1036.
- For mobile phones, 01 or 09 is added to the existing numbers.
- The new system has no effect on international phone calls.
- The international dialing code for Thailand is 66.
- When making international calls to Thailand, add 66 and omit the leading 0.
- When making international calls from Thailand, first dial 001+country code+area code+telephone number
- If calling Laos or Malaysia, there is a special code which is charged at a semi-domestic rate.
- When calling Laos, first dial 007+856+area code+telephone number
- When calling Malaysia, first dial 09+06+area code+telephone number
- Direct assistance: 1133 (local), 100 (international)
Emergency Telephone Numbers :
- Central Emergency (Police, Ambulance, Fire) : 191
- Highway Patrol : 1193
- Crime Suppression : 195 or +66 (0) 2513 3844
- Tourist Police (English, French and German spoken) : 1155
- Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT) Call Centre : 1672
- Immigration Bureau : +66 (0) 2287 3101-10